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endometrial cancer

LOCATION

Endometrial cancer, frequently referred to as uterine cancer, affects the lining of the uterus and is identified as the most common type of cancer for individuals born as female. 

RISK FACTORS

Risk factors for developing endometrial cancer include: obesity, a diet high in fatty foods, starting menstruation before 12 years of age, late menopause, family history of endometrial, ovarian, or colon cancer, never having children or infertility, use of Tamoxifen (a drug used for breast cancer treatment), history of Lynch Syndrome and women age > 50 years old. 

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of this cancer type include (Johns Hopkins Medicine 2023):

  • abnormal vaginal bleeding (reported by more than 90% of women diagnosed)

  • post-menopausal bleeding

  • difficulty with or painful urination

  • pain during intercourse

  • pelvic pain

SCREENING

There is not a simple screening test so the best thing you can do is to be aware of symptoms, any warning signs and reducing your risk factors. 

treatment

When found early, endometrial cancer can be curable.Treatment options for endometrial cancer depends on the stage and may include surgical removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. Other treatment options include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy. 

HOW TO REDUCE RISK FACTORS?

There is no absolute way to prevent endometrial cancer, however reducing your weight with a healthy diet and exercise can help to decrease your chances. Additionally, research shows that the use of birth control pills might also reduce your chances of developing endometrial cancer. 

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